It is a procedure to remove calculus (tartar), soft deposits (plaque) and stains from teeth done either supra or subgingivally to remove agents that can cause inflammation such as plaque and calculus, helping the tooth’s supporting tissues to be free of disease. Plaque, a mixture of bacteria, minerals and food leftovers, irritates the gums, or gingiva, and causes inflammation over time. Plaque soon hardens into calculus, which no longer comes off by brushing or flossing
This process removes plaque build-up that cannot be removed by simple brushing. Most individuals are advised to have a professional teeth cleaning done at least twice a year.